Deontology refers to an ethical theory that was introduced by a German philosopher Immanuel Kant. The theory postulates that individuals have a moral obligation to act in line with prescribed principles and rules irrespective of the outcome. John Stuart Mill, on the other hand, founded the Utilitarian theory that indicates that the outcomes of a particular action or decision determine whether it passes as right or wrong. Overall this paper seeks to analyze and compare ethical theories of Deontology and Utilitarianism. The theory also goes by the name duty-based.
Thesis and Essay: John stuart mill utilitarianism essay all papers checked!
The former follow the idea that the consequences of you action hold no importance in what we ought to do. But rather, some actions are morally wrong or good by itself. The latter follows an opposite view in which the consequences of an action are what it makes an action moral. Specially, if that action produce the greatest happiness over unhappiness.
The Greater Good; an Essay on Utilitarianism
Therefore this means that the theory is guided by such principles as the sacrifice of individual rights for the benefit of the larger number of people. This implies that if the masses can only benefit with the sacrifice of certain individual rights, then this is what should be done. The good of the masses is given priority as compared to that of an individual entity Sexton 2. Further still, the utilitarianism theory supposes that there is no higher end in life than pleasure. Thus the theory stipulates that any action that promotes happiness is right whereas any action that does not promote happiness is wrong.