The work presented here has 3 goals: establish the need for novel neurostimulation waveform solutions through a literature review, develop a neurostimulation pulse generator, and verify the operation of the device for neurostimulation applications. The literature review discusses the importance of stimulation waveforms on the outcomes of neurostimulation, and proposes new directions for neurostimulation research that would help in improving the reproducibility and comparability between studies. The pulse generator circuit is then described that generates signals inspired by the shape of excitatory or inhibitory post-synaptic potentials EPSP, IPSP. The circuit analytical equations are presented, and the effects of the circuit design components are discussed. The circuit is also analyzed with a capacitive load using a simplified Randles model to represent the electrode-electrolyte interface, and the output is measured in phosphate-buffered saline PBS solution as the load with acupuncture needles as electrodes. The circuit is designed to be used in different types of neurostimulators depending on the needs of the application, and to study the effects of varying neurostimulation waveforms.
List of doctoral degrees in the US
List of doctoral degrees in the US - Wikipedia
During the past twenty years, a multidisciplinary approach to the management of cranio-cervical and temporomandibular disorders has been advocated by many pain practitioners including physicians, dentists, physical therapists, chiropractors, and acupuncturists. One technique often overlooked in the treatment of cranio-cervical and temporomandibular disorders and the resultant painful symptoms is acupuncture. Acupuncture and acupressure have long been utilized by the Chinese and Japanese for the relief of pain in the temporomandibular and cranio-cervical regions. In the USA, non-physician acupuncturists are licensed, registered, or certified, in 34 states; physicians are allowed to practice acupuncture in all states. Although acupuncture initially was used for disease management, its use has evolved as a pain control modality. Late in , the National Institute of Health NIH released a consensus statement supporting the use of acupuncture as part of a comprehensive treatment plan for some conditions.
Become an Accredited Acupuncturist
Office Phone: Fax: Email: ahola gmail. Los Altos CA Home Services Contact.
Background: This review examined the currently available evidence supporting the use of acupuncture to treat primary dysmenorrhoea. Objectives: To determine the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea when compared with a placebo, no treatment, or conventional medical treatment for example oral contraceptives and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication NSAIDs. Selection criteria: Inclusion criteria included all published and unpublished randomised controlled trials comparing acupuncture with placebo control, usual care, and pharmacological treatment.