Brown, Robert M. McClelland, Rolf A. Deininger, and Ronald G. Chen, R. Effendi, Hefni, Romanto, and Yusli Wardiatno. Ekere, Nwachukwu R.
Assessment of Water Quality Index : A case study of river Ram Ganga at Bareilly, U.P., India
The Rhine River is a major waterway that originates from Switzerland, and flows through France, Germany and the Netherlands to reach the North Sea; the basin itself includes 9 European countries. International cooperation on the Rhine River Basin has been ongoing since and continues today to resolve trans-boundary conflicts and manage water problems, including shipping, navigation, salt intrusion, water pollution, and flooding issues . This case study focuses on the international cooperation required to prevent pollution to the Rhine River. Water quality declined during the s as a result of wastes discharged into the river because of industrialization and urbanization. Although international commissions were formed to address the pollution problem, plans to improve water quality were not implemented until the s. Sparked by the Sandoz Accident of , the Rhine Action Program was developed to restore ecological habitats and ensure drinking water quality for over 20 million people in the Basin .
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The spatial trend of water quality index WQI and its subindexes are important for determining the locations of major pollutant sources that contribute to water quality depletion in this basin. We compared the values of WQI obtained for 10 sections of the two most important rivers from Banat, which have a great importance for socioeconomic life in southwestern part of Romania and in northeastern part of Serbia. This article highlights the importance of using the water quality index which has not been sufficiently explored in Romania and for transboundary rivers and which is very useful in improving rivers water quality.
Majority of the people of Pakistan get drinking water from groundwater source. Every summer, thousands of patients suffer from acute gastroenteritis in the Rawal Town. Therefore, a study was designed to generate a water quality index map of the Rawal Town and identify the relationship between bacteriological water quality and socio-economic indicators with gastroenteritis in the study area.