Personality traits are the set of the qualities and traits of human character which define a certain type of a human being judging from his psychics. Today the most popular model of the definition of the personality traits is the Big Five personality traits which concentrate on the certain core traits which define the psychological type of the individual. The factors which influence the results of the theory of the personality traits are: extraversion, openness, neuroticism, agreeableness and conscientiousness. All these traits are independent and according to their level in the human being it is possible to define the type of the individual.
Case Study: A Dog’s Personality Changes After a Bad Accident
Case Study on Personality Traits | Case Study Template
Phineas P. Gage — was an American railroad construction foreman remembered for his improbable [B1] survival of an accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head, destroying much of his brain's left frontal lobe , and for that injury's reported effects on his personality and behavior over the remaining 12 years of his life. The personality changes were sufficiently profound that friends saw him for a time at least as "no longer Gage". Historically, published accounts of Gage, including scientific ones, have almost always severely exaggerated and distorted his behavioral changes, frequently contradicting the known facts.
Case Study on Personality Traits
Phineas Gage was an American railroad construction foreman born in On September 13th, , when Gage was 25 years old, he was working in Cavendish in Vermont, leading a crew which were preparing the Rutland and Burlington Railroad by blasting rocks to make a roadbed. This was done by using an iron tamping rod to pack the explosive powder into a hole. The iron rod which was 43 inches long and 1. After the incident, Gage was thrown onto his back from the force of the iron rod and had some brief convulsion of the arms and legs.
Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS often show deficits on neuropsychological tests that tap functions related to the integrity of the prefrontal lobes. Various aspects of personality are also known to be mediated by prefrontal regions, particularly ventromedial prefrontal cortex vmPFC. Other than apathy, personality changes have not been widely reported in patients with ALS, although clinical observations indicate such changes might be relatively common. She performed normally on tests of executive functioning. Self-report measures of mood and personality were unremarkable.