The oldest traces of human occupation in Paris, discovered in near the Rue Henri-Farman in the 15th arrondissement , are human bones and evidence of an encampment of hunter-gatherers dating from about BC, during the Mesolithic period. During the Middle Ages, Paris was the largest city in Europe, an important religious and commercial centre, and the birthplace of the Gothic style of architecture. The University of Paris on the Left Bank , organised in the midth century, was one of the first in Europe. It suffered from the Bubonic Plague in the 14th century and the Hundred Years' War in the 15th century, with recurrence of the plague. Between and , the city was occupied by the Burgundians and English soldiers.
Essay on importance of national integration communal harmony
Social Integration and Communal Harmony in India - Words | Bartleby
Talcott Parsons 13 December — 8 May was an American sociologist of the classical tradition , best known for his social action theory and structural functionalism. Parsons is considered one of the most influential figures in sociology in the 20th century. In , he was among the first professors in its new sociology department. Based on empirical data, Parsons' social action theory was the first broad, systematic, and generalizable theory of social systems developed in the United States and Europe. Their work heavily influenced Parsons' view and was the foundation for his social action theory. Parsons viewed voluntaristic action through the lens of the cultural values and social structures that constrain choices and ultimately determine all social actions, as opposed to actions that are determined based on internal psychological processes.
Social Integration and Communal Harmony in India
The RSS is the progenitor and leader of a large body of organisations called the Sangh Parivar the "family of the RSS" , which have presence in all facets of the Indian society. RSS was founded on 27 September As of , it has a membership of 5—6 million. The initial impetus was to provide character training through Hindu discipline and to unite the Hindu community to form a Hindu Rashtra Hindu nation.
All cultures have one element in common: they somehow exercise social control over their own members. As societies become more complex, means of control increase accordingly. The study of these means of control are the subject of political anthropology. In all of these settings, prisoners comply or are punished or executed. At the other extreme are most forager societies, which typically exercise authority more often than power.