The 14th Amendment gave African-Americans equal protection under the law as whites. Although these pieces of legislature were successful once they were instituted, their institution was dramatically slowed by one person: Andrew Johnson. He vetoed every single one of these legislature because they would damage his relationship with the South, and thus he would lose their votes. Eventually, Congress passed these laws and became the first Congress to override a presidential veto. The ultimate goal of the movement was to achieve equality, and once African Americans were granted basic political rights, and could vote and participate in politics, their economic and social conditions would also slowly become better. In conclusion, the Civil Rights Movement, a major turning point in history, not unlike the women's suffrage movement, affected political rights, which had an impact on the social and economic status of African.
The Lesson to Unlearn
Scholars have long speculated about education's political impacts, variously arguing that it promotes modern or pro-democratic attitudes; that it instills acceptance of existing authority; and that it empowers the disadvantaged to challenge authority. To avoid endogeneity bias, if schooling requires some willingness to accept authority, we assess the political and social impacts of a randomized girls' merit scholarship incentive program in Kenya that raised test scores and secondary schooling. We find little evidence for modernization theory. Consistent with the empowerment view, young women in program schools were less likely to accept domestic violence. Moreover, the program increased objective political knowledge, and reduced acceptance of political authority. However, this rejection of the status quo did not translate into greater perceived political efficacy, community participation, or voting intentions. Instead, the perceived legitimacy of political violence increased.
An Illustrated Guide to Linda Nochlin’s “Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?”
One form comes when a person or group who is stereotyped chooses to overcome the labels set upon them by individuals or society as a whole, and therefore finds liberation within them self. The second, I believe, comes when an individual or society that places labels on others takes the time to look inside the labeled person or group rather than simply seeing the outside; and thus, become liberated in knowledge. People that are singled-out because of their differences have two options, to accept their fate or to triumph over it. An example of overcoming their fate is the survivors of the Holocaust.
The review considers how exploitation and oppression affects humanization. The pedagogy of the oppressed by Paulo Freire brings together the political, educational and philosophical theory. The author explores the aspect of oppression and the foundation of liberation. Paulo Freire holds the notion that in order for persons to experience liberation, there is a need for the development of critical consciousness and thinking process in the person. Freire asserts that this is only possible through a pedagogy that creates a bond between the teacher and the learner, encouraging the learner to participate in dialogue and the practice of humanization via thought and its corresponding action Freire