Bilingualism characterizes not only people, but homes, schools, and communities across the United States. While some bilingual people are forced to suppress their bilingualism, others are encouraged to develop their skill set to a level of becoming biliterate. Bilingualism and biliteracy are key features in dual language bilingual education DLBE programs where students are provided daily opportunities to develop two languages simultaneously, along with grade-level academic content. Traditionally, DLBE programs were designed to keep the two target languages for example, Spanish and English separate as designated by time, space, teacher, and academic content area. Teachers who work under these strict guidelines often find that policing language use is both restrictive and unnatural, thus interfering with the flow of bilingual language development.
Bilingualism carries broad appeal as a potential reserve variable because it is primarily influenced by environmental factors such as country of birth, emigration, or attendance in a second language school Gold et al. Individuals become bilingual through these life circumstances and the environmental factors eventually contribute to the development and organization of brain reserve Schweizer et al. The development of this reserve is thought to be directly correlated to the continuous. Accordingly, there is a higher abundance of people becoming bilingual than ever. Individuals who speak more than just one primary language could reduce their chances of developing.
MSc in Education
Ideal for higher education English as a Second Language ESL and English as a Foreign Language EFL teachers, teacher educators, supervisors, administrators, researchers, and curriculum developers, this doctorate prepares you to work in bilingual, bicultural settings. Doctor of Philosophy in Bilingual Education. The doctorate supplements your course work with departmental content seminars and a dissertation proposal seminar. Open to doctoral students enrolled in any department or program at NYU, these seminars foster deep conversations on relevant literature and texts, and reflections on issues and research in the field.
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