The source of the information or ideas must be credited directly in the text and this is known as citing literature. Usually, the sources you cite will be your primary articles, popular article, books or texts. However, you should also cite any personal communications with researchers or instructors. Try to avoid direct quotes. These are appropriate when you wish to quote a pithy phrase that you cannot express better in your own words.
Get Started with Basic Research: Citing Sources
Crediting and Citing Your Sources – The Word on College Reading and Writing
A citation is a reference to a source. More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears. Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not. References to single, machine-readable assertions in electronic scientific articles are known as nanopublications, a form of microattribution. Citations have several important purposes: to uphold intellectual honesty or avoiding plagiarism ,  to attribute prior or unoriginal work and ideas to the correct sources, to allow the reader to determine independently whether the referenced material supports the author's argument in the claimed way, and to help the reader gauge the strength and validity of the material the author has used.
Giving Credit in Essay Work
Academia Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for academics and those enrolled in higher education. It only takes a minute to sign up. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. In my research paper, I have set aside space to define terms each having a bullet point.
Organizing and properly formatting references and citations is a tedious endeavor for many researchers. Manually entering each citation and the respective reference disrupts the writing flow and makes it easy to accidentally omit references or improperly format them. Microsoft Word offers a better solution. By maintaining a list of sources, you can ensure adding a citation takes only a few clicks. If you haven't added the source yet, you have the option to do so when selecting the citation.